Sunday, February 21, 2016

Fernando Autori (Bass) (Calatafimi 1886 - Firenze 1937)

First he studied medicine, but then wanted to become a painter, however, finally, he studied singing under Antonio Cantelli in Palermo. He made his debut in 1908 at the Teatro Bellini of Naples. In 1913  he was in Palermo, where at the Teatro Massimo he appeared as king in ‘’Isabeau’’ of Mascagni. He successfully sang in this same opera house in 1916 and 1919. After a guest performance at the Teatro Carcano and at the Teatro Dal Verme in Milan he made his debut in 1924 at La Scala, Milan (beginning role: Geronte in 'Manon Lescaut' of Puccini). Here he worked till 1936. He sang at La Scala in the premieres of the operas ‘’La cena delle beffe’’ of Giordano (20.12.1924), ‘’I Cavalieri di Ekebù’’ of Zandonai (7. 3. 1925), ‘’La Sagredo’’ of Franco Vittadini (27. 4. 1930), ‘’Guido del Popolo’’ of Gino Robbiani (25. 3. 933) and ‘’l Campiello’’ of E.Wolf Ferrari (12. 2. 1936). In 1927 att the Teatro Argentina in Rome he appeared in the premiere of the opera ‘’Basi e Bote’’ of R. Pick-Mangiagalli. From 1924 to 1933 he made guest appearances with great success also at Covent Garden in London. There he sang in 1927 the role of Timur in the English première of Puccini’s ‘’Turandot’’. Autori also made guest appearances in Vienna, in Copenhagen, Monte Carlo, Oslo, Hague, Barcelona etc. He retired from the stage in 1941. Like Enrico Caruso he was also a gifted caricaturist.

Chronology of some appearances

1908 Napoli Teatro Bellini Forza Del Destino (Guardiano)
1912 Pistoia Teatro Manzoni   Fedora (Cirillo)
1916 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Fanciulla del West (Wallace)
1920 Lugano Teatro Apollo Barbiere di Siviglia (Don Basilio)
1922 Palermo  Teatro Biondo Forza del destino (Guardiano)
1924 Milano Teatro La Scala  Debora E Jaele di I.Pizzetti (Hever)
1926 Venezia Teatro La Fenice Ugonotti (Saint-Bris)
1928 Catania Teatro Bellini Don Chisciotte (Don Chisciotte)
1931 Barcellona Teatro Liceo Don Giovanni (Leporello)
1933 Torino Teatro Regio Don Chisciotte di J.Massenet (Don Chisciotte)
1936  Milano Teatro La Scala Gioconda (Alvise)
1941 Catania Piazzale G.I.L.Boheme (Colline)

He was great friends with my grandmother and my aunt, whom he met in London in 1932, and I thought you might be interested to know of the amazing singing performance he gave at Covent Garden in 1933!
The following excerpts are taken from my grandmother’s diary of that year – a tour de force that is unrivalled among any opera singer today.  Antonio Pappano has often complained about the lack of stamina of current singers and this proves how a well-trained singer can perform night after night as well as rehearsing other operas during the day without causing any damage to his vocal chords – to say nothing of the party life he was leading at the time!   

May 22nd   We go to hear Aida – Fernando singing Ramfis, the High Priest – go behind after to see Fernando – he takes us to supper at the Savoy.
May 31st    We go to Covent Garden to hear La Boheme – simply lovely, Fernando singing Colline - go behind to wait for him afterwards but he is tired and cross and anxious – we leave him at the Savoy

June 1st      We go to Covent Garden to hear Don Carlos – a beautiful opera.  Fernando as Phillippo II was simply magnificent – such a beautiful voice, such superb acting.  Wait for him afterwards and go with him to the Savoy, where we sit and talk and then come home

Fernando was also a talented cartoonist – I have one he did of my grandfather and there are several at the Royal Opera House in London as well as at the British Museum.

I wish to thank Virginia Tweedy for providing me this information.


Fonotipia, Milano 1927-01-11
Barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini): La calunnia 120059 XXPh5813
Trovatore (Verdi): Abbietta zingara 120059 XXPh5814

Sunday, January 31, 2016

Etty Marulić (Etty Maroli) (Soprano) (Croatia, Zagreb 1896 - ?)

She was born in Croatia. Her real name was Etty pl. Marulić. First she studied singing in Croatia, then she perfected her vocal technique in Milan under the pedagogue Stradivari. She made her debut in Croatia. Her italian debut was happened in 1923 at the Teatro Alfieri in Asti as Leonora in ''Trovatore''. She retired from the stage in 1935. 

Chronology of some appearances

1916 Zagreb Opera Tosca (Tosca)
1923 Asti Teatro Alfieri Trovatore (Leonora)
1926 Salerno Teatro Verdi Tosca (Tosca)
1931 Intra Teatro Sociale Ballo in maschera (Amelia)


Fonotipia, Milano 1929-12-16
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): E che baccano sul caso strano, pt 1 with Angelo Pilotto, Antonio Righetti and Albino Marone 120219 XXPho6538
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): E che baccano sul caso strano, pt 2 with Angelo Pilotto, Antonio Righetti and Albino Marone 120219 XXPho6539

Fonotipia, Milano 1930-03-22
Fedora (Giordano): Vedi, io piango, pt 1 with Egidio Cunego 168371 Mo2913

Fonotipia, Milano 1930-03-25
Fedora (Giordano): Vedi, io piango, pt 2 with Egidio Cunego 168371 Mo2921

Fonotipia, Milano 1930-03-26
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Dich, teure Halle 168284 Mo 2922

Ines Lombardi (Soprano)

Probably she made her debut at the Teatro Garibaldi in Chioggia (1915). She retired from the stage in 1925. She made two records for Fonotipia.

Chronology of some appearances

1915 Chioggia Teatro Garibaldi  Trovatore (Leonora)
1919 Crema  Teatro Sociale  Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1921 Bari  Teatro Petruzzelli  Forza del destino (Leonora)
1923 Brescia  Teatro Grande Mefistofele (Elena)
1925 Bologna  Teatro Del Corso  Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)


Fonotipia, Milano 1924-09
Nerone (Boito): Decurione! E invan mi danni! with Salvatore Pollicino B152595 Pho5449

Lison (Soprano)


Fonotipia, Milano 1907-02-13
I Granatieri (Valente): Nell'ebbrezza d'un dolce sospir with Ferruccio Corradetti (as Fercor) 62050 XPh2458

Saturday, February 7, 2015

Emma Vecla (Soprano) (Algeri 1883 - Milano 1972)

She had been descended  from a French family and her real name was Ernestine Telmat. After her education in Paris she made her debut there in 1898 at the Opéra-Comique in ‘’Mignon’’ of A. Thomas. After she had appeared as an opera singer in FranceSpain and South America, she completely turned to the operetta. From 1907 to 1930 she was one of the biggest operetta singers in Italy. Her repertoire included also Mimi in ‘’La Bohème’’, Marguerite in C. Gounod’s ‘’Faust’’, Lakmé in the opera of the same name by L. Delibes and the Zerline in ‘’Fra Diavolo’’ of  F. Auber. In Italy she was called a ‘’Queen of the operetta’’.

Chronology of some appearances

1903 Milano Teatro Lirico Thais (Thais)
1904 Rosario di Santa Fè Teatro Colon Boheme (Mimì)
1905 Oporto Teatro San Joao Lohengrin (Elsa)
1906 Sanremo Teatro del Casinò Zaza' (Zazà)
1907 Milano Teatro Dal Verme Stagione compagnia operette citta' di Milano
1908 Genova   Teatro Margherita Don Pasquale (Norina)
1910 Rosario di Santa Fè Teatro Opera Stagione Compagnia operette citta' di Milano
1911 Brunate Hotel Milan Concerto
1913 Milano Teatro Carcano Concerto


Fonotipia, Milano 1908-04-08
Lustige Witwe (Lehár): Tace il labbro with Emma Vecla (as Fercor)  92146 XPh3129

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-04-17
Frühlingsluft (Strauss, arr Reiterer): Vieni qui, fanciulla with Ferruccio Corradetti (as Fercor) 92147 XPh3160

Fonotipia, Milano 1909-02-23
Walzerträume (Straus)  Soave, lucenti with Nino Ferri  92433 xPh 3806

Fonotipia, Milano 1909-02-26
Walzerträume (Straus) Noi ragazze vaghe inver 92432 xPh 3811

Fonotipia, Milano 1911-01-01
Walzerträume (Straus)  Al caro e santo rito with Azzali 92560  xPh 4039
Amor di principe (Eysler) Valzer delle rose 92867 Xph4779
Amor di principe (Eysler) O Parigi immensa with Anna Perretti and Alfredo Petroni 92868 Xph4783
Amor di principe (Eysler) Non puoi certo immaginare with Alfredo Petroni  92870 Xph4785

Fonotipia, Milano 1911-12-15
Amor di Principe (Eysler) Io vo' lanciarli with Gino Vannutelli 92869 Xph4780

Gino Vannutelli (Tenor)

First he studied at the school of the famous actor Luigi Monti and made his debut as an actor in the company of Italia Vitaliani. Later he studied singing under the maestro Marucelli and made his debut in 1899 at the Teatro Reale in Malta as Guglielmo in A. Thoma’s ‘’Mignon’’. At the Giulio Marchetti’s operetta company he was heard by the manager Giacobazzi, who was engaged him for a long tour in South America, that kept him away from Italy for four years. He returned to Italy and appeared again in operetta always performing in the best companies. Later he created his own operetta company.

Chronology of some appearances

1899 Malta Teatro Reale Mignon (Guglielmo)
1900 Malta Teatro Reale Pagliacci (Canio)
1901 Cagliari  Politeama Regina Margherita  Dinorah (Corentino)
1902 Parma Politeama Reinach Barbiere di Siviglia di G.Paisiello (Almaviva)
1906 Caracas Teatro Municipal Boheme (Rodolfo)
1912 Parma Politeama Reinach Compagnia operette Vecla
1918 Parma Politeama Reinach Compagnia operette Vannutelli


Fonotipia, Milano 1911-12-15
Amor di Principe (Eysler) Io vo' lanciarli with Emma Vecla 92869 Xph4780

Sunday, February 1, 2015

Elisa Petri (Soprano) (Fabriano 1869 – Milan 1929)

She studied with Virginia Boccabadati at the Liceo Rossini in Pesaro. Later she took singing lessons from Giuseppina Vitali-Augusti. Debuted in November, 1889 at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome as Raffaela in the Italian première of the opera ’’Patrie’’ of Émile Paladilhe. She sang at the big Italian stages, nevertheless, was especially liked in Spain, in particular at the Teatro Real in Madrid and at the Teatro Liceo in Barcelona.  Also in South America she has often appeared on the stage; here she sang in  the 1894-95 season and again in 1899 at the Teatro de la Opera in Buenos Aires, at the opera houses of Rio de Janeiro and Montevideo as well as in the concert hall. In Italy she appeared practically in all leading theaters with success (Teatro Argentina, Teatro Costanzi in Rome (among other things in the premiere of the opera ‘’Il Voto’’ of Pietro Vallini on 27. 11. 1895), Teatro Pagliano and Teatro della pergola in Florence, Teatro San Carlo in Naples (among other things in 1895 as Sieglinde in ‘’Walkiria’’, in 1896 as Mimi in the première there of Puccini’s ‘’La Bohème’’, in 1911 as Amneris in ‘’Aida’’ and as Laura in ‘’La Gioconda’’), Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa and La Scala, Milan). At La Scala she sang in 1902 as Marguerite in ‘’La damnation de Faust’’ of Berlioz, in 1907 as Brangäne in ‘’Tristan und Isolde’’. In May, 1897 she appeared in ‘’Falstaff’’ of Verdi in the opening of the anew built Teatro Massimo in Palermo. In 1912 she guested at the Teatro Comunale in Bologna as Brangäne, in 1912 in the same house as Ortrud in ‘’Lohengrin’’. Later she lived as a singing teacher in Milan.

Chronology of some appearances

1890 Gubbio  Teatro Comunale Ballo in Maschera (Amelia)
1892 La Valletta/Malta  Teatro Reale  Ballo in Maschera (Amelia)
1892 Alessandria  Politeama Grа Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1893 Mantova  Teatro Sociale Barbiere di Siviglia (Rosina)
1893 Livorno  Teatro Avvalorati Lohengrin (Elsa)
1894 Montevideo  Teatro Solis Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1894 Montevideo  Teatro Solis Gioconda (Gioconda)
1894 Montevideo  Teatro Solis Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1894 Buenos Ayres  Teatro dell'Opera Gioconda (Gioconda)
1894 Buenos Ayres  Teatro dell'Opera Lohengrin (Elsa)
1894 Buenos Ayres  Teatro dell'Opera Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1895 Montevideo  Nuovo Politeama Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1895 Montevideo  Nuovo Politeama Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1895 Torino Teatro Regio Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1895 Ravenna  Teatro Alighieri Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1896 Napoli Teatro San Carlo Boheme (Mimi)
1896 Napoli Teatro San Carlo Lohengrin (Elsa)
1896 Barcellona  Teatro Liceo Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1897 Barcellona  Teatro Liceo Gioconda (Gioconda)
1898 Fabriano  Teatro Gentile Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1899 Bari  Teatro Piccinni Boheme (Mimi)
1899 Buenos Ayres Teatro dell'Opera Boheme (Mimi)
1899 Buenos Ayres Teatro dell'Opera Gioconda (Gioconda)
1900 Ancona  Teatro Vittorio Emanuele Boheme (Mimi)
1900 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Manon Lescaut (Manon)
1902 Milano Teatro alla Scala Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1904 Fabriano  Teatro Gentile Adriana Lecouvreur (Adriana)
1904 Este Teatro Sociale  Adriana Lecouvreur (Adriana)
1904 Modena  Teatro Storchi Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Catania  Teatro Bellini  Adriana Lecouvreur (Adriana)
1905 Fano  Teatro della Fortuna Lohengrin (Elsa)
1906 Catania  Teatro Bellini Boheme (Mimi)
1906 Catania  Teatro Bellini Cavalleria Rusticana (Santuzza)
1906 Parma  Teatro Regio Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1906 Milano  Teatro Dal Verme Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1908 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Ballo in Maschera (Amelia)
1907 Fermo  Teatro Dell'Aquila Favorita (Leonora)
1907 Milano  Teatro alla Scala Gioconda (Laura)
1907 Roma  Teatro Adriano Gioconda (Laura)
1908 Reggio Emilia  Teatro Municipale Favorita (Leonora)
1908 Genova  Teatro Carlo Felice Gioconda (Laura)
1908 Palermo Teatro Massimo Gioconda (Laura)
1908 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Lohengrin (Ortruda)
1909 Buenos Ayres  Teatro Colon Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1909 Buenos Ayres  Teatro Colon Favorita (Leonora)
1909 Buenos Ayres  Teatro Colon Gioconda (Laura)
1909 Reggio Emilia  Teatro Municipale Gioconda (Laura)
1909 Madrid  Teatro Reale Lohengrin (Ortruda)
1910 Madrid  Teatro Reale Gioconda (Laura)
1913 Genova  Teatro Carlo Felice Lohengrin (Ortruda)
1913 Bologna Teatro Comunale Lohengrin (Ortruda)
1914 Siena Teatro Della Lizza Favorita (Leonora)
1914 Trieste Politeama Rossetti Favorita (Leonora)
1914 Padova Teatro Verdi Lohengrin (Ortruda)
1915 Genova  Teatro Carlo Felice Gioconda (Laura)


Fonotipia, Milano 1904-10
Gioconda (Ponchielli): Si, donna infame with Oreste Luppi 39062 XPh 53

Fonotipia, Milano 1905-12-06
Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni): Voi lo sapete o Mamma 39483 XPh1509

Fonotipia, Milano 1905-12-16
Falstaff (Verdi): Quand'ero paggio with Antonio Magini-Coletti  39430  XPh 1533

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-02-21
Damnazione di Faust  (Berlioz): Perduta ho la mia pace 39484 XPh1640

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-03-10
Educande di Sorrento (Usiglio): Fa corraggio with Ferruccio Corradetti 39515 XPh 1694
Educande di Sorrento (Usiglio): Un bacio rendimi with Ferruccio Corradetti 39516 XPh 1695

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-10-26
Le Maître de Chapelle (Paer): Cantar! with Ferruccio Corradetti 39880 XPh 2189
Le Maître de Chapelle (Paer): Perchè crudele rendimi with Ferruccio Corradetti 39881 XPh 2190

Fonotipia, Milano 1907-04-11
Due Gatti (Duetto comico imitativo) (Weyse, Rossini, arr Berthold) with Ferruccio Corradetti  62003 XPh2529

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-11-18
Gioconda (Ponchielli): L'amo come il fulgor with Ester Mazzoleni 92424 Xph 3651

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-11-30
Aida (Verdi): Gia I sacerdoti adunansi with Enzo Leliva Unpubl.  XPh 3700

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-12-02
Lohengrin (Wagner): Vendetta avrò with Eugenio Giraldoni 92953 XPh3716

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-12-12
Gioconda (Ponchielli): Voce di donna (w. chorus) 92396 XPh3744

Fonotipia, Milano 1909-03-05
Mignon (Thomas): Soffero hai tu with Nazzareno De Angelis 92934 XPh3822

Fonotipia, Milano 1912-02-07
Barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini): Il vecchietto 92907 XPh4790

Fonotipia, Milano 1912-02-26
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): Re dell'abisso 92908 XPh4803

Fonotipia, Milano 1912
Gioconda (Ponchielli): L'amo come il fulgor with Emilia Corsi 92925