Fonotipia

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Monday, April 9, 2012

Eugenia Burzio (Soprano) (Torino 1879 - Milano 1922)




                                               Santuzza in ''Cavalleria Rusticana''

She was particularly prominent in the verismo repertoire, creating the role of Delia Terzaghi in Ruggero Leoncavallo's Goffredo Mameli as well as singing Minnie in the Italian premiere of Giacomo Puccini's La fanciulla del West. While many music critics found her interpretations imaginative and exciting, others criticized her for the unevenness of her voice and other technical shortcomings.
Burzio was born in Poirino, Piedmont. Initially, she pursued a career as a violinist but decided instead to concentrate on opera singing while still aged only in her twenties. She studied voice at the Milan Conservatory with Carolina Ferni (the mother of the baritone Eugenio Giraldoni) and made her professional début as Santuzza, in Pietro Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana, at the Teatro Regio di Torino in 1899.
She went on to enjoy a highly successful career throughout her homeland as a lyric-dramatic soprano, although her ardent, larger-than-life mode of vocalism was not calculated to appeal to the taste of more conservative British and American audiences, and this limited the scope of her international reputation.
Burzio was a magnetic actress and she became particularly associated with the music of the verismo school of composers, exemplified by Mascagni, Leoncavallo, Umberto Giordano and, to a certain extent, Puccini. She was a regular performer at Italy's pre-eminent opera house, La Scala, Milan, during the first two decades of the 20th century, appearing in a wide repertoire, often under the baton of Arturo Toscanini. Surprisingly, given her lack of a true bel canto technique, her La Scala roles included Gluck’s Armide and Bellini’s Norma.
She also sang in South America and in Russia - at St Petersburg's renowned Mariinsky Theatre.
In addition, Burzio cut a number of frequently gripping 78-rpm gramophone recordings in Milan between 1905 and 1916. Towards the end of her career, however, she suffered from a nervous disorder and general ill-health. She made her final stage appearance in 1919, in Ponchielli’s Marion Delorme. Burzio died at Milan, three years later, aged 49, of kidney failure.

Her career evolved as follows:

1899 Torino Teatro Vittorio Emanuele Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1900 Sanremo Teatro Principe Amedeo Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1903 Bari  Teatro Petruzzelli Andrea Chenier (Maddalena)
1903 Catania  Teatro Bellini Otello (Desdemona)
1904 San Paolo Teatro Santana Andrea Chenier (Maddalena)
1904 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Un ballo in maschera (Amelia)
1904 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1904 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1904 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Gioconda (Gioconda)
1904 Rio de Janeiro  Teatro Lirico Mefistofele (Margherita)
1904 San Paolo Teatro Santana Un ballo in maschera (Amelia)
1904 San Paolo Teatro Santana Dannazione di Faust (Margherita)
1904 San Paolo Teatro Santana Gioconda (Gioconda)
1904 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1904 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Gioconda (Gioconda)
1905 Buenos Aires  Politeama Argentino Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Buenos Aires  Politeama Argentino Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1905 Buenos Aires  Politeama Argentino Gioconda (Gioconda)
1906 San Pietroburgo  Teatro Aquarium Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1906 Milan Teatro della Scala La Figlia di Jorio (Mila di Condra)
1907 Buenos Aires  Politeama Argentino Un ballo in maschera (Amelia)
1907 Milan Teatro della Scala Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1907 Milan Teatro della Scala Gioconda (Gioconda)
1907 Firenze Teatro Verdi Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1907 Firenze Teatro Verdi Gioconda (Gioconda)
1907 Buenos Aires  Politeama Argentino Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1909 Buenos Aires  Teatro Colon Boheme (Mimi)
1909 Buenos Aires  Teatro Colon Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1909 Buenos Aires  Teatro Colon Gioconda (Gioconda)
1909 Livorno  Teatro Goldoni Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1909 Il Cairo Teatro Khediviale Gioconda (Gioconda)
1910  Firenze Teatro Verdi Loreley (Loreley)
1911 Ostenda  Kursaal Cavalleria rusticana (Santuzza)
1911 Roma Teatro Costanzi Fanciulla del West (Minnie)
1911 Torino  Teatro Regio Fanciulla del West (Minnie)
1912 Torino Politeama Chiarella Favorita (Leonora)
1912 Milan Teatro della Scala Norma (Norma)
1912 Firenze Teatro Verdi Norma (Norma)
1913 Napoli Teatro San Carlo Fanciulla del West (Minnie)
1913 Firenze  Politeama Fiorentino Fanciulla del West (Minnie)
1913 Firenze  Politeama Nazionale Loreley (Loreley)
1915 Milan Teatro della Scala Gioconda (Gioconda)
1915 Milan Teatro della Scala Loreley (Loreley)

RECORDINGS FOR SALE

 






Fonotipia, Milano 1905-12-16
Trovatore (Verdi): Qual voce!... come!... tu, donna? 39439 XPh1534
Trovatore (Verdi): Conte... Ne cessi?... Grazia! 39440 XPh1535

Fonotipia, Milano 1905-12-18
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): Ma dall'arido stelo divulsa 39513 xph 1543
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): Mezzanotte 39514 xph 1544

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-04-23
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): Non sai tu with Giovanni Zenatello 39665 xph 1829
Ballo in maschera (Verdi): M'ami, m'ami...O qual soave brivido 39666 xph 1930

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-12-18
Forza del destino (Verdi): Pace, pace! Pace mio Dio! 74036 XXPh 2279

Fonotipia, Milano 1906-12-19
Trovatore (Verdi): Tacea la notte  39934 xph 2281

Fonotipia, Milano 1907-01-31
Gioconda (Ponchielli): Così mantieni il patto? with  Giuseppe De Luca 74043 xxph 2391

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-03-13
Adriana Lecouvreur (Cilea):  Io son l'umile ancella 92161 xPh 3079

Fonotipia, Milano 1908-03-17
Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni): Voi lo sapete 92160 xph 3091

Fonotipia, Milano 1910-01-20
Bacio Vivo (Bettinelli) 62420 xph 4264
Lontananza (Bettinelli) 62421 xph 4265
Forza del destino (Verdi): Madre, madre pietosa vergine 62416 xph 4266

Fonotipia, Milano 1910-01-21
Forza del destino (Verdi): Me pellegrina ed orfana 62417 xph 4267
Aida (Verdi): O patria mia 62414 xph 4268
Otello (Verdi): A terra! Sì... nel livido fango 62419 xph 4270

Fonotipia, Milano 1910-01-22
Africana (Meyerbeer): Figlia del sol 62510 xph 4271
Mefistofele (Boito): Spunta l'aurora pallida 62415 xph 4272
Otello (Verdi): Piangea cantando 62418 xph 4273



















1 comment:

  1. Great choice of recording to illustrate Burzio's singing. The more I hear it the more I think this is one of the finest records I know - like Battistini's records there are one or two places where you wish she hadn't done something ugly, but the performance as a whole is outstanding, and the variety of shade, tone, dynamic, etc etc makes it for me a 'touchstone' - a perfromance to measure all others against.

    A singer I am coming to appreciate more and more - thanks for bringing her to our attention!

    David

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